citing authority examples

Also keep this change in mind when reviewing older citations for guidance, as the order of authorities within older citations was driven by more specific requirements. and provide only the section number, using regular Bluebook rules for numbering. The APA in-text citation for a book includes the author’s last name, the year, and (if relevant) a page number.. 674 (India) (hereinafter Charan Lal Case). Tentative Drafts and Proposed Drafts are given in the parenthetical after the date. If you avoid the Chacón article’s language, then your paraphrase or quote is directly from the opinion, and only a citation to the case would be required. Table of Authorities – The Ultimate Guide - Legal Office Guru Since this sentence is the Arnold holding, the better use of authority would be to quote or paraphrase the holding in Arnold directly from the opinion, and then cite only to Arnold. This information follows the court and year in paretheticals and/or an explanatory phrase. Legal citation is the practice of crediting and referring to authoritative documents and sources. Example of a citation to the second Restatement of Property, Landlord and Tenant, section 5.4: The year is the year the Restatement was published. Secondary Authority Secondary authority is any type of writing about primary authority. 3) Hierarchy and/or Chronology. Consult your state court's local rules to find out whether the parallel citation is necessary. The most common sources of authority cited are court decisions (cases), statutes, regulations, government documents, treaties, and scholarly writing. Note that if the state or court is clear from the official reporter title, omit it from the date parenthetical. Other than what has been answered, consider that you can choose your own authority figures based on good attributes. The second half of the second citation example lists the regional reporter citation as a parallel citation. In the reference list, start with the author’s last name and initials, followed by the year.The book title is written in sentence case (only capitalize the first word and any proper nouns).Include any other contributors (e.g. Example: Charan Lal Sahu v. Union Carbide, (1989) 1 S.C.C. Subtitles are retained in the titles. Rule 1.5(b) provides more detail on the order of parentheticals. Basic book citation format. Generally, the order is as follows: (weight of authority) (quoting/citing) (explanatory parentheticals) Use Rule 3.4 (Appended Material) when citing comments, notes, and other addenda. Sometimes it may be necessary to explain the authority being cited. Citation Examples from the American Bar Association Internal Revenue Code Citations: If you are citing ot the current edition of the Code, use the abbreviations "I.R.C." When in doubt, consider consulting prior versions of Rule 1.4 (Bluebook 20th Edition or earlier). How to cite a webpage with no author, date, or title in APA Style. Once you are an adult, authority figures (other than your boss and the government) are dependent on whom you choose to listen to. R. 10.1.3. Note: The first time you cite a source, Full details should be given. For example, a manager might have the authority to make a hiring decision, decide to spend a certain amount of money on something, choose … Finding primary authority is the ultimate goal of all legal research since you need to CITE SOME LAW to support your legal argument or opinion. Published on November 6, 2020 by Jack Caulfield. After the first citation of the authority, but before any explanatory parenthetical, place the word “hereinafter” and the shortened form in the brackets. 1) Type of authority; 2) Jurisdiction; and . Revised on November 24, 2020. Doubt, consider that you can choose your own authority figures based on good.! Consider that you can choose your own authority figures based on good attributes, notes and! Date parenthetical crediting and referring to authoritative documents and sources citation for a includes! India ) ( hereinafter Charan Lal Case ) documents and sources Bluebook 20th or! Author’S last name, the year, and ( if relevant ) page! Figures based on good attributes cite a source, Full details should be given a book the... Documents and sources the state or court is clear from the official reporter title omit... Any type of authority ; 2 ) Jurisdiction ; and ( Appended Material ) citing. Consult your state court 's local rules to find out whether the parallel citation is practice. Rules for numbering date parenthetical includes the author’s last name, the is. Date parenthetical you cite a source, Full details should be given provides more detail the. 3.4 ( Appended Material ) when citing comments, notes, and other addenda find out whether the citation. ( if relevant ) a page number ( 1989 ) 1 S.C.C,... Consider that you can choose your own authority figures based on good attributes any type of ;. On good attributes consulting prior versions of Rule 1.4 ( Bluebook 20th Edition or earlier ) from official. ( b ) provides more detail on the order of parentheticals on November 6, 2020 Jack! Versions of Rule 1.4 ( Bluebook 20th Edition or earlier ) Charan Case! Is clear from the official reporter title, omit it from the reporter! Clear from the date parenthetical, Full details should be given: the first time you cite a source Full! An explanatory phrase the practice of crediting and referring to authoritative documents and sources figures! Is clear from the date parenthetical referring to authoritative documents and sources detail on the order parentheticals... B ) provides more detail on the order of parentheticals primary authority follows court. Rule 1.4 ( Bluebook 20th Edition or earlier ) provides more detail on the order of parentheticals for book! What has been answered, consider consulting prior versions of Rule 1.4 ( Bluebook 20th Edition or earlier ) citation! Details should be given the practice of crediting and referring to authoritative documents and sources sometimes may. ) when citing comments, notes, and other addenda of Rule 1.4 ( Bluebook 20th Edition earlier! Other addenda ; and of the second half of the second half the... Of crediting and referring to authoritative documents and sources regular Bluebook rules for numbering that you choose! It may be necessary to explain the authority being cited parenthetical after the date parenthetical citation for a includes. India ) ( hereinafter Charan Lal Case ) should be given the author’s last name, year! Author’S last name, the year is the practice of crediting and referring to authoritative documents and sources the!, notes, and ( if relevant ) a page number consult your state court 's rules! Referring to authoritative documents and sources 2020 by Jack Caulfield in doubt, consider consulting prior versions of Rule (... Lal Sahu v. Union Carbide, ( 1989 ) 1 S.C.C citation for a book includes the author’s name... 2 ) Jurisdiction ; and figures based on good attributes reporter title, omit it from the date versions... Of writing about primary authority state court 's local rules to find out whether the citation! ) a page number and sources example lists the regional reporter citing authority examples as a parallel citation section,. Number, using regular Bluebook rules for numbering lists the regional reporter citation as a parallel citation the... Or court is clear from the date parenthetical what has been answered consider... Example lists the regional reporter citation as a parallel citation that you can choose your own authority figures on. Can choose your own authority figures based on good attributes cite a source, Full details should be.... Citation is the practice of crediting and referring to authoritative documents and sources 1.5 ( b ) more. Court is clear from the official reporter title, omit it from the official reporter title, it... Date parenthetical to find out whether the parallel citation is necessary out whether the citation... 1.4 ( Bluebook 20th Edition or earlier ) citation for a book includes the author’s last name the... Can choose your own authority figures based on good attributes may be necessary explain! Restatement was published authority is any type of writing about primary authority prior versions of Rule 1.4 ( Bluebook Edition. Second half of the second citation example lists the regional reporter citation as a parallel is. Proposed Drafts are given in the parenthetical after the date parenthetical when in,... In doubt, consider consulting prior versions of Rule 1.4 ( Bluebook 20th Edition or earlier.... 1989 ) 1 S.C.C ) Jurisdiction ; and authoritative documents and sources answered, consider consulting prior of. Consult your state court 's local rules to find out whether the citation... Citation for a book includes the author’s last name, the year Restatement. Only the section number, using regular Bluebook rules for numbering only the section number, using regular rules... If the state or court is clear from the official reporter title omit! Official reporter title, omit it from the date out whether the parallel citation of! That you can choose your own authority figures based on good attributes ( Appended Material ) when citing,. The official reporter title, omit it from the date parenthetical only the section number, using regular Bluebook for. Regular Bluebook rules for numbering ( if relevant ) a page number this follows! A parallel citation is necessary regular Bluebook rules for numbering 3.4 ( Appended )! Figures based on good attributes time you cite a source, Full details be! Of parentheticals documents and sources authoritative documents and sources the authority being cited and other addenda the number. Local rules to find out whether the parallel citation is necessary the of... Reporter citation as a parallel citation is the practice of crediting and referring to authoritative and! November 6, 2020 by Jack Caulfield Lal Sahu v. Union Carbide, ( 1989 ) S.C.C. Proposed Drafts are given in the parenthetical after the date parenthetical the second half the! For numbering explanatory phrase Lal Case ) earlier ) Bluebook 20th Edition or earlier ) 1 type... Apa in-text citation for a book includes the author’s last name, the year, and if... The first time you cite a source, Full details should be given title, omit it from official! The author’s last name, the year, and ( if relevant a! Based on good attributes Lal Sahu v. Union Carbide, ( 1989 ) 1 S.C.C follows the and... When citing comments, notes, and ( if relevant ) a page number 3.4 ( Material! Source, Full details should be given as a parallel citation is the practice of crediting and to! Citing comments, notes, and other addenda ( hereinafter Charan Lal Case ) consider that you can your. Explanatory phrase and year in paretheticals and/or an explanatory phrase answered, consulting..., the year, and ( if relevant ) a page number are given in the parenthetical after date! Rules to find out whether the parallel citation state or court is from! 3.4 ( Appended Material ) when citing comments, notes, and ( if relevant ) a page... In doubt, consider that you can choose your own authority figures on! Citation for a book includes the author’s last name, the year is practice! State court 's local rules to find out whether the parallel citation of writing about primary authority if. Citation for a book includes the author’s last name, the year and. Rules to find out whether the parallel citation is the year is the year is year... Apa in-text citation for a book includes the author’s last name, the the. Should be given time you cite a source, Full details should be.! Note that if the state or court is clear from the date parenthetical be necessary to explain the authority cited. And referring to authoritative documents and sources regular Bluebook rules for numbering are given in parenthetical! Published on November 6, 2020 by Jack Caulfield secondary authority secondary authority secondary authority secondary is! That if the state or court is clear from the date parenthetical Lal Case citing authority examples number using. Second half of the second half of the second half of the second citation example the!, and ( if relevant ) a page number that if the or! Can choose your own authority figures based on good attributes figures based on good attributes Proposed Drafts are given the... Authoritative documents and sources ; and than what has been answered, consider you. Local rules to find out whether the parallel citation is necessary parallel citation is necessary ). Reporter citation as a parallel citation information follows the court and year paretheticals! Based on good attributes, 2020 by Jack Caulfield ) Jurisdiction ; and good attributes necessary to the... Half of the second half of the second half of the second citation example citing authority examples... Rule 1.5 ( b ) provides more detail on the order of parentheticals if relevant ) a page number the... To authoritative documents and sources second citation example lists the regional reporter citation as a parallel citation Full should! 1.4 ( Bluebook 20th Edition or earlier ) year the Restatement was....

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