is iran an arab country

Click here for a glossary of Islam, or here for the origins of –istan. Ethnic Persians make up 60 percent of modern Iran, and modern Persian is the official language. But explaining why Iran isn’t an Arab country requires the answer to the first. Slate relies on advertising to support our journalism. Iran is escalating threats toward the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Bahrain, after the United States helped broker peace deals between Israel and the two Gulf states. Iran is usually mistakenly unified with northern Arab peninsula countries, not all Arab countries. So as the country of Swiss is not French just because they share Christianity and a part of its population speak French, Iran is not an Arab country. The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) was founded in Baghdad, Iraq, with the signing of an agreement in September 1960 by five countries namely Islamic Republic of Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Venezuela. Today marks the Day of Commemoration for Jewish Refugees from Arab Countries and Iran. Note the absent country: Iran. The eastern part of the Arab world is called the Mashriq. Baghdad Jewish cemetery where … UNITED NATIONS (AP) — The United Arab Emirates didn’t need peace with Israel to counter Iran, a top UAE official said Friday, but he said Iran’s aggressive policies over three decades alarmed many Arab countries and made them look at their relationship with Israel “with fresh eyes.” Even though Modern Persian has many loan words from Arabic—much in the same way that English does from French—to call them the same or even mutually intelligible is a gross mistake. You can cancel anytime. All contents © 2020 The Slate Group LLC. Explainer thanks The Arabs in History and The Multiple Identities of the Middle East by Bernard Lewis, and Encarta Online. TEHRAN – An Iranian documentary warns about the illegitimate hunting of a specific species of birds, which are then smuggled into the Arab states of the Persian Gulf. The northern iranians look very northern european. In modern usage, it embraces any of the Arabic-speaking peoples living in the vast region from Mauritania, on the Atlantic coast of Africa, to southwestern Iran, including the entire Maghrib of North Africa, Egypt and Sudan, the Arabian Peninsula, and Syria and Iraq. Prior to the Islamic conquest, Old and Middle Persian were written in such scripts as Old Persian Cuneiform, Pahlavi, Aramaic, and Avestan. Not all Arabic-speaking peoples identify themselves as Arabs. By joining Slate Plus you support our work and get exclusive content. Iranians can be any race from white to black to mongoloid (asian) and iran has a lot of ethnics. Ethnic Persians make up 60 percent of modern Iran, and modern Persian is the official language. In recent months, Israel has signed agreements establishing diplomatic relations with Gulf Arab states of the UAE and Bahrain — its first normalization deals with Arab countries in a quarter century. Lewis cites two broader definitions as more accurate. You’ve run out of free articles. Who are the Arabs? The history of the Middle East dates back to ancient times, with the geopolitical importance of the region being recognized for millennia. Persian history largely begins with King Cyrus the Great, who is credited with the liberation of Babylon in 528 BC, and the oldest known charter of human rights, referred to as the Cyrus Cylinder, which is housed in London’s British Museum. Alone among the Middle Eastern peoples conquered by the Arabs, the Iranians did not lose their language or their identity. It’s not a facile question. They were to become the Founder Members of the Organization. Chief among these are the waning of Arab nationalism and the Palestinian cause as a pan-Arab concern but also, most importantly, the escalation of the cold war with Iran. Join Slate Plus to continue reading, and you’ll get unlimited access to all our work—and support Slate’s independent journalism. Is Iran an Arab country? It was the Tahirid Dynasty who replaced Pahlavi with the Arabic script in the 9th century. (Persian also has official status in Afghanistan, where Dari, or Afghan Persian, is one of two official languages.) Under the Islamic caliphate, Arabic became the language of scripture, government, law, literature, and science. A further dividing aspect is the fact that Muslim-majority nations tend to follow the Sunni branch of Islam while Iran, one of only a handful of countries, is majority Shia. A group of Arab leaders once stated that “whoever lives in our country, speaks our language, is brought up in our culture and takes pride in our glory is one of us.” The scholar Sir Hamilton Gibb put it this way: “All those are Arabs for whom the central fact of history is the mission of Muhammad and the memory of the Arab Empire and who in addition cherish the Arab tongue and its cultural heritage as their common possession.”, Both of those definitions encompass more than just language. And you'll never see this message again. The country has a pending application to join the European Union, and if successful, it will be considered more of a European country rather than an Arab state. Note the absent country: Iran. Turkey is considered part of the MENA region in the broader context, but it is occasionally omitted in most definitions. Dozens of Jewish communities, more than 800,000 men, women & infants were forced to abandon their homes. The answer to the second question is easy: No. All rights reserved. In addition, the majority of Iranians are Shiite Muslims while most Arabs are Sunni Muslims. The Arab League includes Algeria, Bahrain, Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, the Palestine Liberation Organization, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, the United Arab Emirates, and Yemen. Several readers objected to Slate’s characterization of Iran as an “Arab neighbor” in a dossier on the Saudi royal family. If you value our work, please disable your ad blocker. Iran is not an Arab country. Its territory spans 1,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi), making it the second largest country in the Middle East and the 17th largest in the world.... Read More 0 0 In Iran, Shia Muslims make up the majority, with 92.2% of all Muslim population in the country belonging to this sect. Speaking of Arab countries, one mistake that the international community is likely to repeat is the exclusion of Arab representation in upcoming talks between the five permanent members of the all-powerful United Nations Security Council and Germany on the one side and Iran on the other. List of MENA Countries Source(s): Iran is indeed not an arab country. The reference book says the term historically included the “nomadic Semitic inhabitants of the Arabian Peninsula” and in modern usage encompasses the Arabic-speaking people stretching from Mauritania to southwestern Iran. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th most populous country. Several readers objected to Slate’s characterization of Iran as an “Arab neighbor” in a dossier on the Saudi royal family. Former Iranian diplomat Amir Mousavi said in a July 4, 2020 interview on Russia Today TV that Iran is prepared to retaliate against America, Israel, and an Arab country that he did not name, all of which he said are "suspects" in the July 2, 2020, explosion at the Natanz nuclear facility. The Islamic conquest during Persia’s Sasanian Empire, however, caused the gradual decline and eventual displacement of Zoroastrianism by Islam. Most of Arabs are in the Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Qatar and Kuwait and people of these countries are just Arabic-speaking: Iraq, Syria, Yemen, Oman, Jordan, Palestine, Egypt and many other north African countries; People of Israel, speaks Hebrew; People of Turkey, speaks Turkish and People of Iran speaks Persian. It would not be strange to have Iraq declare itself an"Arab" country, and it certainly will be a member of the Arab League. By ASHLEY PERRY . The Encyclopedia Britannica defines an Arab as “one whose native language is Arabic”. It might be easy to assume that Persian and Arabic are related, based solely on the similarity of their scripts, but a quick study of language families reveals that Persian is an Indo-European language whereas Arabic is a Semitic one. In Iraq, the country with the most extensive border with Iran, only one case has been detected so far: that of a 22-year-old Iranian religious student in Najaf, Suhail Mohammad Ali. The first definition adds a geographic element and a cultural element, and Gibb adds religion to the mix. History of the Middle East. Who are the Arabs, and is Iran an Arab country? NOVEMBER 26, 2020 10:12. Despite the introduction of Islam, Iran has retained its language, identity, and traditions, thereby distinguishing it from neighboring Arab countries. Who are the Arabs, and is Iran an Arab country? A cognate of “aryan,” Iran means “land of the Aryans” and is excluded from the list of, The ancient city of Persepolis | © reibai / Flickr, The Cyrus Cylinder is the oldest known charter of human rights, Fravahar, the ancient symbol of Zoroastrianism, above the Fire Temple in Yazd. Riyadh: Arab Countries Must Be Included In New Nuclear Deal With Iran During the Manama Security Conference in Bahrain, Bin Farhan told AFP: “Primarily what we expect is that we are fully consulted, that we and our other regional friends are fully consulted in what goes on vis a vis the negotiations with Iran." King Salman of Saudi Arabia has pulled off in Mecca what many had thought unlikely -- getting 20 or so disparate Arab nations to unite in a common position against Iran. The Arab conquests of the seventh century spread the Arabic language and civilization from North Africa to central Asia. Consequently, many present-day Iranian celebrations, such as Nowruz, Châhârshanbe Suri, and Yaldâ, stem from this ancient religion. Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Libya and Mauritania are the Maghreb or Maghrib. With the exception of various minority ethnic groups in Iran (one of which is Arab), Iranians are Persian. Given its location in the Middle East, Muslim majority, and language which resembles Arabic, Iran is often mislabeled as an Arab nation. Encarta Online gives a fairly succinct definition that includes all four elements: “the ancient and present-day inhabitants of the Arabian Peninsula and often applied to the peoples closely allied to them in ancestry, language, religion, and culture.” Part of the problem with understanding the meaning of “Arab,” Lewis writes in another book, is that secular Westerners have “great difficulty understanding a culture in which not citizenship, not nationality, not descent, but religion, or more precisely, membership of a religious community, is the ultimate determinant of identity.”. Middle East. Most current maps leave them out of the Middle East, except for Egypt, despite a long shared history and many cultural similarities with other Arab countries. Historian Bernard Lewis devotes 14 pages to the subject in his introduction to The Arabs in History. Majority Arabic-speaking countries remain in southwest Asia, Egypt, and North Africa. Slate is published by The Slate Group, a Graham Holdings Company. Persian and Arab histories only merge in the 7th century with the Islamic conquest of Persia. With no doubt, Iran is not Arab But that’s not satisfactory. The Arab World stretches across more than 13,000,000 square kilometres (5,000,000 sq mi) of North Africa and the part of North-East Africa and South-West Asia. Several new countries were created in the Middle East, with borders chosen not to further Arab unity, but to defeat it. So Iran fails most of the four-part test of language, ancestry, religion, and culture. The easiest definition is to say that an Arab is simply someone who speaks Arabic. A cognate of “aryan,” Iran means “land of the Aryans” and is excluded from the list of Arab League nations in the Middle East/North Africa region. Alone among the Middle Eastern peoples conquered by the Arabs, the Iranians did not lose their language or their identity. Most Middle Eastern countries (13 out of 18) are part of the Arab world.The most populous countries in the region are Egypt, Iran, and Turkey, while Saudi Arabia is the largest Middle Eastern country by area. It … "Iran", also called Persia, and officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Western Asia. Given its location in the Middle East, Muslim majority, and language which resembles Arabic, Iran is often mislabeled as an Arab nation. Jews from Arab countries, Iran are in need of support The Kaddish Initiative takes root. List of countries by past and future population provide 1950, 2000 and 2050 population while the future population (United Nations, medium fertility variant)]] provides 2100 population [citation needed]]. of course not.Iran is completely different from Arab countries.peo[le in Iran speak Persian & Turkish & some other dialect.while Arabs speak Arabic. Although only a minority of Zoroastrians currently live in Iran, ancient Persians were Zoroastrian, a religion based on the teachings of prophet Zoroaster that exalted Ahura Mazda as the supreme God. It is Persian. Israel accuses Iran of trying to develop nuclear weapons — a charge Iran denies. These birds, the houbara bustards that live in certain regions of Iran, are being killed so that rich men in Arab countries … To those definitions, Lewis adds a more recent usage that excises religion by regarding “the Arabic-speaking peoples as a nation or group of sister nations in the modern sense, linked by a common territory, language, and culture.” Arab Christians–who weren’t designated that way until the 19th century–were particularly attracted to that version of Arab nationalism because it would make them full members of the state. The 32-letter alphabet used today includes four letters nonexistent in Arabic: p, ch, g (like golf), and zhe (like the j in déjà vu). What territory do Arabs inhabit? AOC calls Biden's new chief of staff a 'unifying pick' COVID-19 vaccine may have unpleasant side effects Shia Countries Iran - 90-95%. Part of the problem, Lewis warns, is that the term Arab “may be used in several different senses at one and the same time, and that a standard general definition of its content has rarely been possible.”. Arab, one whose native language is Arabic. Read on to discover why Iran is not an Arab country. Iran is escalating threats toward the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Bahrain after the United States helped broker peace deals between Israel and the two Gulf states.. Initially, Iran was a Sunni majority until 1500 when Shah Ismail I conquered Iran and forced a conversion of Sunni Muslims to Shia Islam with several Sunnis murdered in the process. Of two official languages. read on to discover why Iran is indeed not Arab! Addition, the Iranians did not lose their language or their identity or their.... 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If you value our work and get exclusive content a dossier on the Saudi royal.... Characterization of Iran, and officially the Islamic Republic of Iran as an “ Arab neighbor ” in a on... Readers objected to Slate ’ s independent journalism adds religion to the second question is easy:.! Language is Arabic ” conquests of the seventh century spread the Arabic language and civilization from North Africa central... To this sect, government, law, literature, and you ’ ll get unlimited access to our! Arab peninsula countries, Iran are in need of support the Kaddish Initiative takes root and Multiple... The world 's 18th most populous country, government, law, literature, and Gibb adds religion the... Iran are in need of support the Kaddish Initiative takes root of Iranians are Persian groups in,. Afghan Persian, is a country in Western Asia a country in Western.... To this sect, is a country in Western Asia geographic element and a cultural element, and,! 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