prosopis juliflora in kenya

Prosopis juliflora in Garissa County Aligaroob, a Somali name for Prosopis juliflora is a common name not only in Garissa County but in entire Northern Kenya. Implementing Prosopis management in Ruko Conservancy, Baringo County, Kenya In October 2019, a group of rangers and community members have started removing several hundred trees of the highly invasive Prosopis juliflora from the land of the Ruko Conservancy in Baringo County, Kenya. The area estimated conquered by the invasive species in the last ten years in India, Pakistan, Yemen, Kenya, Sudan and Ethiopia is way above 10 million hectares. Conservation & Society Year : 2008, Volume : 6 Issue : 2 Page : 130-140 Summary: Global concern about deforestation caused by fuelwood shortages prompted the introduction of Prosopis juliflora to many tropical areas in the 1970s and 1980s. Later it was introduced to the semi-arid Presentation of the Species - Origin Prosopis juliflora = Mathenge (Swahili) or Mesquite (English term for the whole genus) Shrub or small tree. In the 1980s, a selection of different members of the Prosopis genus (i.e., P. juliflora , P. pallida , P. chilensis ) was introduced at several test sites throughout Kenya (Choge, Ngunjiri, Kuria, Busaka, & Muthondeki, 2002). Later in 1983, the plant was introduced in Marigat in Baringo District during the Baringo Fuel Wood Afforestation Extension Project sponsored by the World Bank, FAO and Government of Kenya. juliflora is a hardy nitrogen-fixing tree that is now recognised as one of the world's most invasive alien species. Kipchirchir K., Kinuthia N., Githaiga W. (2014) Use of Prosopis juliflora Seedpod as Livestock Feed Supplement in the Arid and Semi-arid Rangelands of Kenya. Impact of Prosopis juliflora on Kenya's semi-arid and arid ecosystems and local livelihoods Global concern about deforestation caused by fuelwood shortages prompted the introduction of Prosopis juliflora to many tropical areas in the 1970s and 1980s.P. Photographic images and information about Prosopis juliflora, Mesquite, invasive weed in the East Africa nation of Kenya. Prosopis juliflora was introduced in Kenya from South America in 1973 in Bamburi, Mombasa District, Tana River District, and Turkana District. It was introduced as a forestry tree majorly to rehabilitate the degraded as the P. juliflora–P. 1.3 Invasive Alien Species in Kenya 4 1.4 Prosopis juliflora as an IAS in Kenya 5 1.6 Problem Statement 6 1.7 Relevance and Justification 7 1.8 Research Objectives and questions 8 1.9 Organization of the Paper 8 Chapter 2: Research Methodology and Analysis 10 2.0 Methodology 10 2.2 Data collection techniques 10 2.3 Selection of respondents 11 Research was carried out to determine the spread of Prosopis juliflora over time in Kenya and its effect on livelihoods and biodiversity. It is a phreatophytic, perennial tree/shrub species, a member of the Fabaceae family and a representative species of the Sonoran Desert ecosystem. The number of major plantations was 16 and obvious signs of spread were found from 9 Prosopis juliflora is a thorny, dominant and thirsty tree species that has invaded the main grazing areas in many countries in the Horn of Africa (HoA), posing a major threat to rural livelihoods. obs.). Its pods can be used as livestock food and are fed upon by native herbivores. But before long many of the plant’s shortcomings became apparent, as a paper published in 2011 in the journal Biodiversity explained. The three major local uses of prosopis were charcoal, fuelwood and animal fodder. Prosopis juliflora was introduced in Kenya in 1973 in Bamburi, Mombasa District, Tana River District, and Turkana District. glandulosa and Prosopis glandulosa var. A meeting of national institutions involved in the development of the Kenyan National Strategy for Prosopis juliflora was held on 24th- 29th November 2019. Thus, it is imperative to examine potential invasion dynamics of P. juliflora at national level under climate change scenario to better influence decision making processes on the management of this invasive species. This video captures how Prosopis has taken root in Afar (Northern Ethiopia), and how government authorities/ local communities have been dealing with its presence and harmful effects. October 2016. Prosopis juliflora is colloquially known in Kenya by its Swahili name, Mathenge, or, more popularly, as Mesquite, which is a general term used for many of the 44 species belonging to the genus Prosopis. The drivers that foster the invasiveness of Prosopis are not fully understood. Pastoralists claimed that Prosopis shrub emerged in the County in 1980’s after it was introduced by the government. In Kenya, Prosopis juliflora, Prosopis chillensis, Prosopis velutina, Prosopis glandulosa var. Current efforts to turn the invading weed into human food, animal feed, furniture or charcoal have failed to … The objective was to compare the effects of … more than one million hectares in both Kenya and Ethiopia, respectively. The effects of Prosopis juliflora (exotic species) and Acacia tortilis (indigenous species) trees on soil properties and understorey herbaceous plant species production were investigated on the Njemps flats, Baringo district, Kenya. Prosopis juliflora, locally known as ‘mathenge’, is a shrub or small tree that is native to Mexico, South America and the Caribbean, and is an invasive species in Kenya. The scale of Prosopis expansion is dramatic in the region, e.g. The respondents indicated that prosopis’ presence has had negative effect on the indigenous biodiversity of Garissa through loss of native vegetation. J.). Prosopis juliflora (Sw.) DC, here after referred to as Prosopis, is an evergreen tree native to South America, Central America and the Caribbean. Prosopis juliflora is a serious invader, causing great ecological and economic damage in Ethiopia. Prosopis juliflora was deliberately introduced to the Turkana and Barongo districts of Kenya in the 1980s and 1990s. : 1010375-03). In: Behnassi M., Shahid S., Mintz-Habib N. (eds) Science, Policy and Politics of Modern Agricultural System. The spread of the introduced plant Prosopis juliflora (Sw.) DC was studied in the Lake Baringo area in Kenya. (Towards valorisation of Prosopis juliflora as an alternative to the declining wood resource in Kenya) (in French). Prosopis juliflora Invasion and Rural Livelihoods in the Lake Baringo Area of Kenya. Sirmah PK (2009) Valorisation du Prosopis juliflora comme alternative à la diminution des ressources forestières au Kenya. This led to a hybridization process described by Pasiecznik et al. It was introduced in Somaliland in the 1980s and is reported to have spread vigorously since. Mapping study on commercialization of Prosopis Juliflora in Turkana West, Turkana County (Commercialization of Prosopis – No. Mesquite Prosopis juliflora Observed near Lake Baringo, Rift Valley, Kenya. Despite being recognized as a serious issue in the country, the actual scale of the problem is unknown. Native to Mexico and Central and Northern South America, was introduced intentionally to Kenya from 1973 onward All are part of the family Fabaceae, also called Leguminosae (BioNET-EAFRINET, o. Academic dissertation, Université de Lorraine (PhD report) Several Prosopis species and provenances were introduced in Kenya, either as a single event or repeatedly. The study shows that prosopis is a major environmental problem in the study area through its swift. Prosopis juliflora is invasive in parts of Kenya and Tanzania (Global Invasive Species Database) and in northern Uganda (A.B.R. Prosopis juliflora (Spanish: bayahonda blanca, Cuji [Venezuela], Aippia [Wayuunaiki]) is a shrub or small tree in the family Fabaceae, a kind of mesquite.It is native to Mexico, South America and the Caribbean.It has become established as an invasive weed in Africa, Asia, Australia and elsewhere. Prosopis juliflora can grow as a shrub or tree It was first introduced in Kenya in 1973 for the rehabilitation of quarries in Mombasa (Choge et al., 2002). Mapping and managing the spread of Prosopis Juliflora in Garissa County, Kenya ABDI ZEILA DUBOW N50/12955/2005 Thesis Submitted in Partial Fulfilment for the Degree of Master of Environmental Science in the School of Environmental Studies of Kenyatta University June 2011 . Prosopis juliflora is a drought‐tolerant fast‐growing tree species originating from South and Central America with a high invasion potential in arid and semi‐arid areas in Africa. Prosopis juliflora is one of the most widespread hyperaccumulating plants. Kenya does not have the technology, money or the will to stop Prosopis juliflora from replacing 19 million people in arid counties and 90 percent of wildlife. Later in 1983, the plant was introduced in Marigat in Baringo District during the Baringo Fuel Wood Afforestation Extension Project by the World Bank, FAO and Government of Kenya… It was evident that barely three decades since the first herbarium specimen was collected in 1977 from Coast Province, the species was now found in seven of Kenya… Witt pers. Kenya Natural History Guide >>> Plants >>> Fabaceae >>> Prosopis juliflora. Prosopis juliflora or prosopis is a small, fast growing, drought-resistant, evergreen, tree of tropical American origin. torreyana were introduced in the arid and semi-arid regions by the Kenyan government in collaboration with Food and Agricultural Organization Thus, a method to quantify the degree of infestation will support the determination of environmental preferences and the risk assessment of future Prosopis invasion. In Kenya this species was originally introduced in the arid and semi-arid areas of Kenya such as Baringo. It has recently dramatically expanded its range and now widespread in Kenya. DCA Kenya… The spread of Prosopis juliflora in the Baringo basin, Kenya, has led to severe changes in the ecosystem with negative socio‐economic impacts. Major initial planting sites with P. juliflora were located and marked with GPS. pallida complex. Background Information and Rationale. In addition, woody plant diversity and soil characters were studied. 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